Emotions and Hot Cross Buns

Today I revised various theories of emotion in preparation for my January exams. Here are some of the theories which I have outlined below –

The original assumption:
Stimulus -> Emotion -> Body Sensations

James-Lange theory (1884):
Stimulus -> Body Sensations -> Emotion

Cannon-Bard theory (1927):
Stimulus -> Body Sensations & Emotion simultaneously
(This theory also suggests that the Emotion modulates the Body Sensations, but not the other way around)

Schachter-Singer theory (1962):
Stimulus -> Body Sensations -> Thoughts -> Emotion
(This theory is also known as the Two-Factor or Cognitive Labelling model)

Lazarus’ Cognitive Appraisal theory (1992):
Stimulus -> Thoughts ->  Body Sensations & Emotion simultaneously


In my (rather biased) opinion, the only model which seems to explain all the theories summarised above is the CBT Hot Cross Bun Model of Emotion.
It looks something like this, as we were taught in my DBT Skills Group:

This model makes so much more sense to me because
a) It incorporates all aspects of experiencing emotions as equally influential
b) It is a ton easier to get your head around
c) I am a DBT nerd – loyal to what I learn in group 👍
d) Hot Cross Buns taste finger-lickin’ gooooood


3 thoughts on “Emotions and Hot Cross Buns

  1. I love CBT, it basically changed my life. I did not know before that I have faulty thinking patterns, I thought my life sucks. Then I suffered psychosis and been introduced to CBT. Now I can see that whatever I think it is not always reality.

    Liked by 1 person

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